Dr. Sansar Chandra, was born on 28th August, 1917 in Mirpur, a prosperous town in Jammu and Kashmir. His father was a Conservator of Forest during the Pre-independence era and as such Dr. Sansar chandra lacked no material comfort during his childhood.
A tutor was employed to teach him at home and on the day of his initiation into education his father Shri Karam Chand Mohotra presented him with a silver plate to write on with a nib made of gold. Till the age of 10 he studied at home and during this period he acquired proficiency in Sanskrit and Hindi.
Later, he received his post-graduation degree with distinction in Sanskrit from S.D. College, Lahore in the year 1945 and thereafter was appointed as lecturer in sanskrit at the same college.
In 1947 during partition, the mass migration of Hindus from Pakistan caused havoc in the lives of people and left an indelible mark on their psyches.
On 25th November, 1947, Dr. Sansar Chandra was in his hometown Mirpur, when it was besieged and Hindus were ruthlessly butchered. He like other residents of the town had to flee leaving their homes and belongings behind. He together with his wife and two years old son walked for four days covering a distance of 32 miles through jungles and over hillocks without food and water. He was one of the few lucky people who survived the onslaught and torture of ruthless raiders from Pakistan and finally managed to reach Jammu. At the end of this ordeal when he happened to look at a mirror and he was shocked to see that his face had withered and his hair had grown white at the age of 30. This moment was so shocking for him that the words of famous poet Lord Byron flashed into his memory:
“My Hair are gray
Not with Years,
It grew white
In a single night”
The most tragic and shocking news was loss of his parents in Alibeg prison (POK) due to atrocities they suffered at the hands of Pak rangers. Despite this tragedy Dr. Sansar Chandra remain composed & made vigorous efforts in saving & liberating 1600 Hindus &Sikhs prisoners from Mirpur (POK) with the help of Red Cross. A book entitled “Forgotten Atrocities: Memoirs of a Survivor of the 1947 Partition of India” by Bal k. Gupta narrates these events in detail.
Then began the arduous task of beginning life a fresh. However, he was fortunate that the same institution where he had been teaching in Lahore before partition had shifted to Ambala and he was immediately appointed Head of Sanskrit Deptt. The college had to be re-established after putting in great efforts and was renamed S.D. College (Lahore). While teaching in college side by side he continued his studies as well and completed his Masters in Hindi Literature from Panjab University in year 1952. He has the rared distinction of introducing Post Graduate Hindi teaching in S.D. College in Ambala Cant Even before Panjab University start it. Undoubtedly, this is an excellent achievement in the field of education. Now he was made to shoulder the responsibility of managing two departments i.e. Hindi & Sanskrit. He pursued his research and was conferred Ph.D. degree in 1958 by Panjab University on his unique work entitled “Hindi Kavya Mein Anyokti”. In his research study he explored the psychological use of ornamentation of the literary works and mental aptitude of the writers to use a particular metaphor or similie. After serving in S.D college Ambala for 15 years he joined Deptt. of Hindi as Professor at Panjab University where he also became a Senator and a member of the Syndicate. He was also Dean of Arts Faculty.
Later he became Professor and Head of Hindi department at University of Jammu where he also served as a member of Syndicate and Dean of Oriental learning. He became a member of Executive Council at Kurukshetra University and has the distinction of serving on the academic bodies of various Universities.
All his lifetime he was continuously writing and contributing articles on cultural, social, educational and literary aspects in English, Urdu, Hindi, Sanskrit, Punjabi and Dogri languages in leading dailies, weeklies, monthlies like: The Tribune, Daiinik Tribune, Hindustan, Navbharat Times, Kadambri, Saptahik Hindustan Shiraza, Jansahitya, Jagriti and so on. Thus he became a regular columnist for The Tribune and his writings were well read with great interest, enthusiasm and appreciation.
All throughout his career he was actively associated with various academic, educational and literary bodies. He was also a member of various State and Central Govt. committees engaged in the promotion of Literature and Education.
His passion for research continued and later he was awarded a D.litt. degree for his research work. “ ALANKARON KA MANOVAIGYANIK ADDHYAN ”
In recognition to the meritorious services rendered by him as a laureate in the field of education, the UGC raised the tenure of his services as University Professor upto his attaining the age of of 65 years. Even after his retirement from the University in the year 1982, he did not stop and continued his literary pursuits. His writings are known for their wit, satire and humor while at the same time they bring out his imaginative and reflective qualities.
As an author of distinction he has written and published about 45 books in Sanskrit, Hindi, Punjabi, English and Dogri on different aspects of literature such as : Grammar, Poetic, Prosody, Biography, Humor and Critical Analysis. He also had a deep knowledge of Astrology due to his study of Sanskrit classics and was a columnist of the weekly forecast in The Sunday Tribune newspaper by the name of his grandson, ABHIJAT. His predictions would reveal the futuristic movements of planets and their effectual consequent happenings on humanity as a whole with stress on an individual’s fate. He used to make an annual predictions on the onset of Vikram Samvat Sara the hindu calendar predicting the general happenings and events likely to effect the country and its people which were published in The Tribune annually. This became a popular feature and people look forward to reading it enthusiastically as most of his predictions were close to reality.
Important books with titles in different languages:-
Meghduta of Kalidas, Nagannandam of Shri Harsha, Swapnavasavadatta of Bhasa, Malvikagnimitram of Kalidas, Pratigya Yougandharayan of Bhasa, Madhyam Vyayog of Bhasa, Sanskrit Kavya Lahiri (a text book), Sanskrit Hitopadesh (a text book) Sanskrit Sahitya Prabha (a text book), Sankrit Path Pravash, Sanskrit Vyakaran Praboth, Manohar Sanskrit Vyakaran etc.
Bhratiya Sameeksha:Parampara aur Pravritti, Aakalan our Sameeksha, Sahitya: Anubhuti Aur Vivechan, Sahitya Paricharcha Aur Samadhan.
Prosody & Poetics:-
Grammar (Hindi) :-
Manohar Hindi Vyakaran Thatha Rachna
Essays (Hindi) :-
Humorous Writings (Hindi)
Satak Sitaram, Sone Ke Daant, Apni Dalli Ke Kante, Baaten Ye Jhoothi Hain, Ganga Jab Ulti Bahe, Vidushak Ki Yad Mein, Dr. Sansar Chandra Ke Hasya Vyangatamak Nibandh, Dr. Sansar Chandra Ke Shresth Hasya Vyang, Hindi Hasya Vyang Nibandh: Roop Yatra
Bharat Ke Anukaraniya Mahapurush, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Sankshipt Bihari, Ram Chandrika Saar Sangrah.
Boore De Laddoo, Teellen De Ghat
Tillian De Ghaat, Chakkar Lakeeran Daa, Booran De Laddo
Some Prominent Muslim Hindi Poets, Unforgettable Faces.
Some prominent research papers :-
- The Chinese Aggression and its influence on Indian Literature
- Hasya Vyanga: Vikas Evam Uplabdhi- Moolyankan
- Alankar Aur Samaj Manovigyan
- Bhartiya Sanskriti Aur Ram
- Punjab Ka Reeti Sahitya Parampara- Parivesh Tatha Parichay.
- On 400th centenary of Poet Tusli Das writer of “Ram Charit Manas” his research article was published in the journal of Central Govt
Writing in such a large volume and that too with rare excellence and command in different languages is a matter of great knowledge which deserves appreciation in writing world. Dr. Sansar Chandra, with his zeal and sincerity also guided research scholars for the degrees of Ph.D and D.Litt. consistently. It is worth noting that research Scholars under his able and active supervision had qualified for D.Litt. (13 Nos.), Ph.D (86 Nos), M.Phil. (32 .Nos).
Some of the books written by him can be relied upon as sociological documents of the era. Recognizing the significant contribution made by him in the field of creative writing, particularly satirical – humorous essays / stories as well as analytical literature including innumerable insightful and thought provoking writings, he stands decorated with the following awards:-
- “Chakallas” award from “Rangayana” a Maharashtra Academy to promote satirical writings in India.
- “Sourabh Samman” of Uttar Pradesh Government for his book on National Integration entitled ” Some Prominent Muslim Hindi Poests”.
- Punjab Government’s “Shiromani Sahityakar” award twice, first in Hindi and a few years later in Sanskrit.
- Vidyavachaspati Upadhi from Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, Allahbad.
- Maharishi Valmiki Award from Haryana Sanskrit Academy.
- Maharishi Ved Vyas Award by Haryana Sahitya Academy.
- The-Akhil Bhartiya Sanskrit Pracharak Mandal Delhi- conferred the title of Vidya-Vachaspati for the year 2011 Bikrami.
- Haryana Govt. decorated him for his lifetime literary achievements, deep thinking, excellent writing and service to education by instituting a special award to honor him with the title “Haryana Sahitya Ratan Samman” for the year 2007-08.
As a token of recognition of his works, he has received eight distinctive awards, seven of them bestowed by State Governments and one by the Union Ministry of Education on the following books :-
- Hindi Kavya Mein Anyokti (Punjab Govt)
- Aakalan aur Sameeksha (Central Govt.)
- Hindi Kavya Mein Anyokti (U.P. Govt.)
- Sankshipt Bihari (U.T. Chandigarh)
- Apni Dalli Ke Kante (Haryana Govt.)
- Batein Ye Jhoothi Hain (J & K Govt.)
- Aakalan aur Sameeksha (U.P. Govt.)
- Maha Murkh Mandal (Haryana Govt.)
One Wish that Dr. Sansar Chandra always expressed was that he wanted to die with a pen in hand. Well, he was the lucky one who had this desire fulfilled. Except for a few days spent in Hospital at Chandigarh before he breathed his last on 5th February he was always active virtually.
The words of the great legend of ‘Hasya Vyang’ were that……
“I Can laugh on Myself”
For him this art was best to remain happy and make others happy. His mammoth contribution towards skillful writing will always inspire one and all.
His Writings, Teachings and astrological predictions made him most loved and respected amongst his students, followers and admirers.
The outpouring of grief on his death was tremendous and this couplet conveys the same:-
“Bichhra Kuchh is tarah se
ke rutt hi badal gaye….
Ikk shaks saare shahar ko,
veeran kar gaya”
The essence of this couplet befittingly expressed the agony, grief and pain of those who bid their last adieu to the most acclaimed litterateur.
FAMILY TREE OF DR. SANSAR CHANDRA